Restoring Your Oriental Area Rug Treasure

Rug Glossary of Terms: B

  • Background color
    The dominant color in the background of the rug. The most widely used background colors are red, blue, beige, and yellow, ranging in all shades and hues.
  • Berber
    Berber rug is a term known today to describe bulky natural off-white textured carpet. The term more accurately refers to a group of North African tribes who crafted rugs from handspun yarn of un-dyed wool from local sheep.
  • Bergama
    A city in Northwest Turkey with strong weaving traditions. Bergama rugs traditionally have dyed wefts, are usually red, and have a long silky pile.
  • Beshir
    The term Beshir is conventionally referred to rugs and carpets that were sold through Beshir. Generally, this is a place and a generic name for colorful weaving by urban Turkmen, although the rugs posses a design not derived from tribal Turkmen.
  • Bijar
    Bijar rugs are woven in the town of Bijar (an important center of rug production) and its surrounding villages, northwest of Iran. Bijar rugs are woven in the houses (and not workshops). Most common patterns is the herati pattern. Antique Bijar rugs were woven on wool foundation and had three weft strands between every row of knots, which made them very heavy and exceptionally durable. Modern Bijar rugs are typically double- wefted and have a cotton foundation.
  • Blend
    Carpets composed of more than one kind of fiber.
  • Border
    A design surrounds the field of an oriental rug.
  • Border color
    The principal color in the border of the rug, which range in all shades and hues of red, yellow, green, and beige.
  • Boteh
    (Persian) meaning “bush.” One of the most common paisley-like motifs used in oriental rug designs in the field of an all-over repeat layout symbolizing a leaf, a bush, or a flame. There are countless designs of the boteh from geometric to curvilinear.
  • Braided Rugs
    Rugs made from strips of yarn or fabric that have been braided into thick ropes which are then sewn into almost any size or shape to create a reversible rug. The traditional way is braiding one long, continuous braid and then wrapping it around itself in a spiral and lacing it together, the more contemporary technique is braiding each row separately and then joining the ends together with a technique called “butting.”
  • Brazilwood
    The reddish wood of certain tropical trees or shrubs, whose wood is used for violin bows and a source of red, purple, and black dye used in early Chinese rugs.
  • Broken Border
    When border designs cross over the line and enter the field (or vice versa) this is referred to as a broken border pattern. Broken border design is frequently found on Chinese rugs as well as some rugs of French tradition weavings.
  • Bukhara
    Bukhara is one of the most ancient cities of Uzbekistan, founded in the 13th century B.C. During the medieval period Bukhara was known as a seat of Islamic scholarship. Today, commercial Bukhara carpets are the best selling hand-knotted rugs in the world. The authentic Turkmen rugs are given the names of their tribes, not to be confused with their popular reproductions. Though their surface appearance may be similar, commercial Bukhara carpets are available in about twenty quality gradations.
  • Bulgaria
    Country located in Eastern Europe, capital – Sofia. Even though Bulgarian carpet-weaving goes as far back as 16th; today rug commerce in Bulgaria is rather insignificant.

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