Restoring Your Oriental Area Rug Treasure

Rug Glossary of Terms: T

  • Tabriz
    A city in Iran which was a major rug-producing center with roots going back to the 15th century. The city had experienced a decline of rug production lasting for several hundred years, but in the 19th century the market bloomed again, reestablishing the prominence of Tabriz carpets on the world market.
  • Talish
    A region in the southeast of Caucasus, with rugs of long formats and empty fields (typically red, blue or green.)
  • Tapestry
    Weft face weave with complicated designs.
  • Tea Wash
    A method used for creating an “antique look” to the colors of the rug.
  • Teheran
    Modern Capital of Iran as well as a prime market for Persian rugs. Typically asymmetrical knots and cotton foundation are used.
  • Tibet
    Region in southwest of China, bordering with Nepal, Bhutan, Burma, and India. Tibet has held presence on the commercial rug production since late 18th century. Tibetan rugs have been influenced by China and East Turkestan. The traditional designs include tiger motifs and folk motifs; the colors depend on the function of the rug. Orange and gold are used for religious ceremonies; reds are used for covering floors of the monasteries. Since Chinese occupation of Tibet, many weavers escaped to neighboring countries, but continue producing traditional Tibetan rugs.
  • Tibetan Knot
    A unique weaving technique, wherein a temporary rod establishing the length of pile is put in front of the warp and a continuous yarn is looped around two warps and then once around the rod. When a row is finished the rod is removed and the loops are cut to construct the knots, creating the pile.
  • Tiger Rugs
    A group of Tibetan rugs with a tiger motif, greatly favored by Tibetan nobles and officials.
  • Tip Shear
    Rugs where the yarn of a number of loops is left uncut, minimizing the effects of flattening.
  • Tone-on-Tone
    Two or several shades of the same color created by mixing yarns of different shades or by using the same color of yarn in a rug with both cut and looped pile.
  • Toranj
    (Persian) Name for the centerpiece in a medallion layout.
  • Traditional
    Designs of the European and Oriental schools of weaving. Contemporaryrugs imitate the classic styles, patterns, and colors of the traditional rugs.
  • Transitional
    An extensive range of carpet styles between traditional and contemporary. Many floral patterns are included in this category.
  • Tree-of-Life
    A rug ornament typically covering an entire surface, exhibiting a tree with branches and leaves. This motif can appear both realistic and abstract.
  • Tribal Rug
    A type of rug which is made by—or displays the styles and colors of the—North American or Middle Eastern tribal people.
  • Tufted Rug
    Made as an alternative/ replication of a hand-knotted rug, tufted rugs are created by the technique of punching tufts of wool through the base fabric.
  • Turret Gul
    A gul in the shape of an octagon and another small octagon in the center.
  • Turkmenistan
    Country in Central Asia, capital – Ashgabat. Turkmenistan produces carpets known as Turkoman.
  • Turkey
    Country in Southwest Asia, capital – Ankara. Rug production in Turkey goes as far back as thirteenth century, and is still considered a major exporter of handmade rugs.
  • Turkish Knot
    (aka Symmetrical knot). There are two types of major knots used in oriental rug-weaving: the Persian knot, and the Turkish knot. The Symmetrical (Turkish) knot—used by Turkish and Kurdish tribes—is made by passing the yarn over two neighboring wrap strands, and then wrapping each end behind one warp and brining it back between the two warp strands.
  • Turmeric
    A source of yellow dye, turmeric is an Indian plant with yellow flowers and an aromatic root; also a popular spice.

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